Bikaner was founded in 1488 AD by the Rathore prince Rao Bika. The city is surrounded by rich desert so it is also known as "City of Desert" & "Choti Kashi". Maharaja Ganga Singh (1880-1943), a most illustrious ruler of Bikaner, is remembered for his work in the city. Bikaner city has five gates, palaces, forts, havelies and temples made of red and yellow sandstone. The traditional aura in the city is evident in its colourful bazaars and havelies. A peep into rural Bikaner is like viewing a spectrum.